The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) today issued an Order filing and settling charges against Swapnil Rege, a former portfolio manager for a Connecticut-based hedge fund registered with the CFTC as a commodity pool operator (CPO), for fraudulently mismarking swap valuations to artificially inflate the profits of his employer’s trading book in order to obtain an increased performance bonus.
The Order requires Rege to pay a $100,000 civil monetary penalty, as well as to disgorge the $600,000 performance bonus he received (plus pre-judgment interest in the amount of $49,170.84).
It also bans Rege from trading on or subject to the rules of any CFTC-registered exchange or other CFTC-registered entity and from seeking registration with the CFTC for at least three years, among other prohibitions.
CFTC Director of Enforcement Comments
James McDonald, CFTC’s Director of Enforcement, said: “With this action, the Commission shows its continued commitment to holding accountable individuals who engage in fraudulent conduct that undermines the integrity of our markets.
This Order also reflects the CFTC’s continued commitment to working in parallel with our enforcement partners like the Securities and Exchange Commission to ensure that bad actors are identified and held accountable, even when their misconduct stretches across multiple regulators’ jurisdictions.”
The Fraudulent Mismarking Scheme
The Order finds that from in or about June 2016 through April 2017, Rege engaged in a fraudulent scheme to mismark the valuations of certain interest rate swaps in an attempt to artificially inflate the profitability of his trading in order to earn a larger performance bonus.
Rege accomplished his mismarking scheme in several ways, including by manipulating the discount curve settings of the valuation model used by the CPO to mark its swaps and other related instruments, and by using incorrect day count settings for fixed and floating legs of some swaps and swaptions to reduce or increase the model value of future payments to or by the CPO.
The Order also finds that Rege took steps to conceal his mismarking scheme, including by asking counterpart traders at swap dealers used by the CPO to provide him with quotes to verify the fraudulent model valuations.
The Order finds that this conduct constituted fraud under the federal commodities laws.